Autism, or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder, an umbrella term referred to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. The symptoms appears in first three year of life.
Signs and Symptoms of Autism
- Little, poor or inconsistent eye contact
- Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors
- Difficulty in communication
- Less social interaction
- Sensory sensitivities- Hyper or under sensitive to sound or touch
- Sometimes a flat tone of voice
- Echolalia- repetition of words in some cases
- Failing to, or being slow to, respond to someone calling their name
- Lining or putting toys or object in a single line
- Unusual overly focused interests, such as with moving objects or parts of objects
Myths and facts
Myth- Autistic children cannot love someone with the same degree of affection and intimacy as others, and cannot have loving relationships in their life.
Fact- Early interventions that include relationship-based approach and comprehensive affect autistic children can learn to enjoy closeness, togetherness, affection and intimacy very deeply.
Myth- Autistic child cannot learn to work or behave fundamentally, or communicate with others and think rationally. All you can do it try to teach them but they will not remember it on long term basis.
Fact- These children can learn the fundamentals of relating, communicating and thinking on long term basis.
Myth- Children exhibit autistic type behavior such as persisting (like lining up cars or any other object over and over again) , self-stimulating ( i.e. staring at a fan or spinning.), or repeating words in a scripted way ( example. Echoing what someone else say)
Fact- All of these are secondary symptoms and should not be used as a primary criterion.
Myth- Autistic child cannot empathize with others as they do not possess any mind capacity to feel it.
Fact- Working more with relationship-based approach can tailor an autistic child’s individual differences as a child’s language and cognitive abilities.
Issues and challenges
There are many challenges to deal with autism such as aggression, self-injury, social isolation, sensory sensitivity. As autistic child becomes aggressive if things are not in their accordance, so they might hurt themselves or others around there during the aggressive period. Along with this there are many social and communication problems, that follows repetitive behavior and restricted interests.
How do you know you need counseling/Therapy?
One can find out if the need counseling or therapy by checking the following points:
- Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling.
- Constant moving and “hyper” behavior.
- Fixations on certain activities or objects.
- Specific routines or rituals (and getting upset when a routine is changed, even slightly)
- Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and sound.
Role of counselling & Therapy in overcoming Autism
Therapists who specialize in autism can help in behavior modification of a child. Applied behavior analysis is mostly used on ASD children which encourages positive behavior and discourages negative behavior, further leading to development of many other skills. Therapy can help a child to become independent by making them learn everyday skills such as play skills, learning strategies and self-care.
How does TalktoAngel Help you in this treatment of Autism?
TalktoAngel is an online platform that provides quality therapy and other mental health services online. We have qualified and experienced professionals working with us. Child and adolescents psychologists are one of our areas of expertise. We have experts and specialists who have successfully worked previously on treatment of autism spectrum disorder. Studies have proven that online mental health services are as effective as the conventional mode. Furthermore, at TalktoAngel, we put your child needs first. We can help you with flexible appointments, personalized and customized intervention plans all at the tip of your fingers to suit to your child requirement.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Is autism a mental illness?Autism spectrum is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Identified in DSM5 and ICD 11
Why my child is suffering from autism?Autism spectrum is a neurological disorder i.e., cause biologically, there is no specific cause which can be defined behind this disorder. Sometimes it can be associated as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome. For other children, it can be defined as genetic changes (mutations) or hereditary (passed on through parents) that may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorder.
How Common is Autism?In 2020 in US 1 amongst every 54 children was having autism, more likely to affect boys than girls.
What medication is best for autism?Yes, medication is effective in the treatment for autism for associated psychiatric behavior, you can consult with one of our mental health professionals. Moreover, medication is only effective in the long term if coupled with effective therapy like occupational therapy. Medication without prescription is illegal and can be harmful, for medication please consult psychiatrist on TalktoAngel.
Where can I get Screening of Autism?It is suggested to have early detection for better treatment, for that you can consult Child Psychologists on TalktoAngel who are specialized for secreting and assessment. No genetic, blood, or other laboratory tests can confirm an autism diagnosis. However, observation and standardized behavioural evaluation tools are used to identify children at risk for an ASD.
Don't ignore your child's symptoms, help them find solution towards better growth and development.
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