What is "sensory processing disorder"?

People become over-or-under-responsive to different stimuli. Individuals living with sensory processing disorders are very sensitive toward new stimuli in their environment, and this behavior is often observed in children.


Types of sensory processing disorder

1. Sensory Modulation Disorder-

    a. Sensory Over-Responsivity

    b. Sensory Under-Responsivity

    c. Sensory Seeking

2. Sensory-Based Motor Disorder-

    a. Dyspraxia

    b. Postural Disorder

3. Sensory Discrimination Disorder

Signs & Symptoms of sensory processing disorder

Angry Outbursts

Angry Outbursts

Chew Inedibles

Chew Inedibles









The signs and symptoms of SPD may include:

a. Over-sensitivity to sensory input: Individuals with SPD may have an extreme reaction to sensory input, such as loud noises, bright lights, or certain textures, resulting in discomfort or pain.

b. Under-sensitivity to sensory input: Individuals with SPD may have a diminished reaction to sensory input, such as not noticing pain or discomfort, or not responding to social cues.

c. Difficulty with fine motor skills: Individuals with SPD may have difficulty with fine motor skills, such as writing, using scissors, or tying shoes.

d. Difficulty with gross motor skills: Individuals with SPD may have difficulty with gross motor skills, such as running, jumping, or riding a bike.

e. Difficulty with social interaction: Individuals with SPD may have difficulty with social interaction, such as understanding social cues, making eye contact, or engaging in conversation.

f. Anxiety or stress: Individuals with SPD may experience anxiety or stress in response to sensory input, leading to avoidance behaviors or withdrawal.

g. Behavioral issues: Individuals with SPD may have behavioral issues, such as aggression, tantrums, or meltdowns, in response to sensory input.

It is important to note that experiencing some or all of these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean an individual has SPD, and a diagnosis should be made by a qualified healthcare professional. However, if these symptoms persist or interfere with daily functioning, it may be helpful to seek support from a healthcare professional or an online counsellor who can provide guidance and support in managing SPD symptoms.

Myths & Facts about sensory processing disorder

Fact :
Doctors and other specialists are aware of the difficulties these problems pose. It is true that "sensory processing disorders" cannot be formally diagnosed. The names sensory processing disorder and sensory integration disorder are also up for discussion. But that doesn't negate the reality of these difficulties. In actuality, occupational therapists frequently develop specialized treatment programs for sensory issues.

Fact :
Children with sensory processing disorders may come off as fussy. They could seem to be upset without cause. But in reality, they're responding to stuff that other people might not notice as much.

Fact :
The five senses of sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch are the ones we frequently consider. There are, however, other senses. The sixth and seventh senses regulate proprioception (body awareness), balance, and spatial orientation (the vestibular sense). Children who have these two sensory issues may have trouble with their motor abilities.

Fact :
Children who struggle with sensory processing may find it more difficult to react correctly to sensory input. That can appear to lack self-control.
Fact :
SPD is not a behavioral disorder. It is a disorder with behavioural symptoms.

All Areas

adjustment disorder
autoimmune diseases
bipolar disorder
body image
career issues
cheating & infidelity
child & adolescent
chronic pain
communication disorder
complex ptsd
conduct disorder
couple conflicts
dating concerns
developmental delay
disinhibited social engagement disorder
diversity & inclusion
domestic violence
eating disorder
emotion control
emotional abuse
family problem
fomo (fear of missing out)
gender identity
generalized anxiety disorder
goal setting
grief and loss
healthy boundary
hoarding disorder
identity crisis
impulse control disorder
in-laws adjustment problem
intellectual disability
interpersonal problem
job satisfaction
low motivation
managing tough boss
managing work culture
midlife crisis
oppositional defiant disorder
panic disorder
peer pressure
personality disorder
physical health
polycystic ovary syndrome disease
positive work attitude
post traumatic stress disorder (ptsd)
postpartum depression
premenstrual dysphoric disorder
prevention of sexual harassment
reactive attachment disorder (rad)
self esteem
self improvement
sensory processing disorder
sexual dysfunction
sexual wellness
social anxiety
social comparison
social isolation
somatic symptom and related disorders
specific learning disabilities
test anxiety
tic disorders
time management
toxic relationship
workplace stress
youth empowerment & entrepreneurship

Online Counselling

Causes, Issues and challenges of sensory processing disorder

Causes of Sensory Processing Disorder(SPD)

Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is a condition that affects the way the brain receives and responds to sensory information. While the exact causes of SPD are not fully understood, some factors that may contribute to its development are:

1. Genetics: There is evidence to suggest that SPD may have a genetic component, as the disorder tends to run in families.

2. Prenatal and birth factors: Exposure to certain toxins or infections during pregnancy, as well as complications during birth, may increase the risk of developing SPD.

3. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as noise or pollution, may contribute to the development of sensory processing issues.

4. Developmental factors: Delayed or atypical development of the nervous system may contribute to the development of SPD.

5. Co-occurring conditions: SPD often co-occurs with other developmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

It is important to note that while these factors may contribute to the development of SPD, the exact cause of the disorder is not fully understood. Treatment for SPD typically involves occupational therapy, which can help individuals develop coping strategies and sensory integration techniques to manage their symptoms and improve overall functioning.

Individuals with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) may face a range of challenges and issues related to their sensory experiences , including:

- Over- or under-sensitivity to sensory input: Individuals with SPD may be overly sensitive to certain sensory stimuli, such as sounds, textures, or lights, or they may not be sensitive enough to certain stimuli.

- Difficulty managing sensory overload: Individuals with SPD may find it difficult to manage multiple sensory stimuli at once, leading to feelings of overwhelm or discomfort.

- Social challenges: Sensory issues can impact social interactions, as individuals with SPD may struggle with certain social situations or environments that are overwhelming.

- Anxiety and other emotional challenges: Sensory issues can lead to anxiety, frustration, and other emotional challenges, particularly if individuals feel like they cannot control their sensory experiences.

- Difficulty with daily activities: The challenges posed by SPD can make it harder to engage in daily activities, such as self-care, work, or recreational activities.

Individuals with SPD to seek support and resources to manage these challenges and reduce the impact on their lives. Occupational therapy and sensory integration therapy may be helpful in addressing sensory issues and building coping strategies. Online counselling and support groups can also provide emotional support and help individuals develop strategies for managing anxiety and other emotional challenges related to SPD.

Families with a loved one who has Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) can face a range of challenges and issues , including:

- Difficulty understanding the condition: Since SPD is not well-known or well-understood by the general public, families may struggle to understand what their loved one is experiencing and how to support them.

- Difficulty managing behavioral issues: Sensory issues can manifest as challenging behaviors, and families may struggle to manage these behaviors in public or at home.

- Financial strain: Occupational therapy and other interventions to help manage sensory issues can be expensive, and families may struggle to afford these services.

- Social isolation: Sensory issues can make it difficult for individuals with SPD to participate in social activities, which can lead to feelings of isolation for both the individual and their family members.

- Emotional burden: Coping with the challenges and stress of SPD can take an emotional toll on family members, particularly parents or primary caregivers.

It's recommended that families seek support and resources to manage these challenges and reduce the impact on their lives. Occupational therapy and other sensory integration interventions can be helpful in managing sensory issues. Online counselling and support groups can also provide emotional support and help families develop strategies for managing the stress and challenges of SPD. Advocacy organizations and online communities can also be helpful resources for connecting with others who understand the challenges of SPD.



Workplace Conflicts

Social Withdrawal

Substance abuse

Financial Issues


Suicidal Ideation






Caregiver Burnout

Financial Burden

Social Alienation



Treatment of sensory processing disorder

Here are some examples of different types of treatment and management techniques for SPD:

Sensory integration therapy: This is a type of occupational therapy that aims to improve the way the brain processes sensory information. It involves using activities and exercises that are designed to stimulate the senses in a structured and controlled way.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy: This type of therapy focuses on changing the way an individual thinks and behaves in response to sensory stimuli. It can help individuals with SPD develop coping strategies and reduce anxiety.

Environmental modifications: Making changes to the environment can help reduce sensory overload or underload. Examples include using noise-canceling headphones, reducing fluorescent lighting, and providing sensory breaks.

Dietary modifications: Some individuals with SPD may benefit from making changes to their diet, such as avoiding certain foods that may exacerbate their symptoms.

Medications: In some cases, medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms such as anxietydepression, or sleep disturbances.

Sensory diets: A sensory diet is a set of activities or exercises designed to provide the sensory input an individual needs to function optimally. It may include activities such as swinging, jumping on a trampoline, or using a weighted blanket.

Parent and caregiver education: Educating parents and caregivers on how to recognize and manage SPD symptoms can help improve outcomes for individuals with SPD.


Benefits of Online Counselling for sensory processing disorder

Counseling online for individuals with sensory processing disorder (SPD) can provide various benefits. Here are some potential benefits:

1. Understanding of SPD: Online counselling can help individuals with SPD to understand the condition and the ways in which it affects their daily life,

2. Coping Strategies: Counseling can help individuals with SPD to develop coping strategies for dealing with sensory overload and other challenges associated with the condition.

3. Improved Self-Esteem: Online counselling can help individuals with SPD to improve their self-esteem and feel more confident about their ability to manage their symptoms, leading to increased self-awareness and self-acceptance

4. Improved emotional regulation and stress management skills

5. Improved communication and relationships with family, friends, and others

6. Addressing co-occurring issues such as anxietydepression, or ADHD

7. Family Support: Counseling online for SPD can provide support for family members who may be struggling to understand the condition and how to help their loved ones.

8. Improved social skills and ability to navigate social situations

9. Improved academic or work performance through the development of effective strategies

10. Increased independence and ability to function in daily life

10. Improved Quality of Life: Through counseling, individuals with SPD can learn skills and techniques to manage their symptoms, leading to an improved quality of life and overall well-being.

The specific benefits of online counseling may vary depending on the individual and their unique situation. If you or a loved one is experiencing SPD, it's recommended that you consult with a qualified mental health professional or an online counsellor to discuss your options for treatment

Best Therapists in India for sensory processing disorder

"Feeling Overstimulated due to stress? Many can have symptoms like these from time to time. Don’t let your daily life be hampered due to it. Reach out today!"

Assessment for sensory processing disorder

Test Your Sensory Processing

Test Your Sensory Processing

Frequently Asked Questions on sensory processing disorder

Online therapy and other mental health services are available through the TalktoAngel platform. One of our specialties is sensory processing disorder. We have specialists and experts who have dealt with similar cases successfully in the past. Online mental health services are just as effective as traditional ones, according to studies. Additionally, we prioritize meeting your needs at TalktoAngel. You can contact us for assistance with flexible appointment times as well as with personalized and unique intervention plans.
There is a hereditary component to sensory processing disorder and it frequently runs in families. I speculate that the sensitivity of the constitution resulting from weakened liver function, which obstructs the body's ability to expel toxins, maybe a genetic factor. The nervous system is affected by the accumulation of poisons.
You compensate for SPD, not outgrow it. You do not desire to be a dancer if you are clumsy. If you can't handle loud noises, bright lights, or touch, you shouldn't work in a mall. In other words, you learn to stay away from things that make you unstable and build on your strengths. In this method, employees gain superior management skills.
SPD grows worse when aging and injuries cause the body to become less efficient. Therefore, if you've always had balance issues and were clumsy, this could become a bigger issue as you age. Hormonal changes have a significant impact on sensory defensiveness or hypersensitivity, and sensitivity frequently increases throughout puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.
When they are sick and crave darkness and solitude, ask them how they feel. Tell them that this is how you feel every single day.
When it comes to working with occupational therapists (OTs), there are tools for kids, but what about adults? This one is challenging. You should get evaluated if you think you may have SPD. It could be challenging to get an appointment because pediatric OTs are frequently the only competent experts and are frequently busy treating children. Additionally, insurance could not cover visits, and offices are unlikely to offer appointments on the weekends or in the evenings. When adults are treated at the clinic alongside children, some of them feel uncomfortable. As a result, most adults choose to self-treat. This is achievable even with sensory modulation disease. However, particular sensory integration (SI) therapies are needed for sensory-based motor disorders and sensory-discriminating disorders. Fortunately, you presumably already have compensation mechanisms as an adult. Nevertheless, having an OT assess and treat you is really beneficial.
Sensory processing disorder symptoms are: Angry outbursts happen suddenly. Throwing fits or temper tantrums Has trouble conversing or playing. Abnormally high or low activity level. Blinks, squints, or rubs their eyes a lot. Rebuffs some grooming tasks. Handwriting is difficult to read.
Subtypes of Sensory Processing Disorder are: a. Sensory Modulation Disorder, Pattern 1. Oversensitivity to sensations. Under-Responsivity of the senses. Sensational Desire. b. Sensory-Based Motor Dysfunction, Pattern 2. Postural Dysfunction. Dyspraxia/ Problems with motor planning. c. Sensory Discrimination Disorder, Pattern 3

Sensory processing disorder (SPD) is believed to be caused by a combination of various factors, including:

Genetic factors: There may be a genetic predisposition to SPD, as it has been observed to run in families. Specific genes or genetic mutations that may contribute to SPD are still being studied.

Neurobiological factors: SPD is thought to involve differences in the way the brain processes and integrates sensory information. Neurobiological factors, such as atypical development or functioning of the sensory pathways in the brain, may contribute to SPD.

Environmental factors: Prenatal and perinatal factors, such as maternal stress during pregnancy, premature birth, or complications during delivery, may increase the risk of SPD. Early childhood experiences, such as a history of trauma or neglect, may also impact sensory processing.

Sensory deprivation or overload: Sensory deprivation during critical periods of development or excessive sensory stimulation, such as exposure to loud noises, bright lights, or overwhelming environments, may contribute to SPD.

Other neurodevelopmental conditions: SPD is often comorbid with other neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and developmental coordination disorder (DCD), suggesting that shared neurobiological mechanisms may be involved.

It's important to note that the exact causes of SPD are still being researched, and it is likely to be a complex interaction of various factors. A thorough evaluation by a qualified healthcare professional, such as an occupational therapist or neurologist, is recommended for accurate diagnosis and management of SPD.

Sensory processing disorder (SPD) can significantly impact an individual's daily life, affecting their ability to engage in activities of daily living, social interactions, and emotional well-being. Individuals with SPD may experience difficulties with sensory modulation, sensory discrimination, and sensory-based motor skills, which can affect their behavior, mood, and overall quality of life.

Online Counselors can help individuals with SPD by providing support and strategies to manage sensory sensitivities, coping skills to regulate sensory responses, and strategies to improve self-regulation and emotional regulation. Online Counseling may also address related challenges such as anxiety, self-esteem, and social skills. Collaborating with online occupational therapists and other healthcare professionals can provide a holistic approach to managing SPD and improving daily functioning.