What is "sexual dysfunction"?

Sexual dysfunction refers to a problem experienced by anyone during any stage of normal sexual activity, problems related to arousal, desire, or orgasm. These problems may be the result of physical or psychological causes. In our country, it’s a bit daunting, frustrating, and even embarrassing to discuss sexual issues like premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction, with parents or someone but addressing them sooner than later can help resolve difficulties and improve your love life.


Types of sexual dysfunction

Desire disorders

Arousal disorders

Orgasm disorders

Pain disorders

Signs & Symptoms of sexual dysfunction

Decreased Libido

Decreased Libido



Hampered Arousal

Hampered Arousal



Pain during Intercourse

Pain during Intercourse

Strained Relationship

Strained Relationship

The signs and symptoms of sexual dysfunction may include:

a. Lack of interest in sexual activity: Individuals with sexual dysfunction may have a decreased interest in sexual activity or may not experience sexual desire at all.

b. Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection: Individuals with sexual dysfunction in men may have difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, known as erectile dysfunction (ED).

c. Difficulty achieving orgasm: Individuals with sexual dysfunction may have difficulty achieving orgasm, or may not experience orgasm at all.

d. Pain during sexual activity: Individuals with sexual dysfunction may experience pain during sexual activity, known as dyspareunia.

e. Vaginal dryness: Individuals with sexual dysfunction in women may experience vaginal dryness, making sexual activity uncomfortable or painful.

f. Premature ejaculation: Individuals with sexual dysfunction in men may experience premature ejaculation, or ejaculation that occurs too quickly.

g. Delayed ejaculation: Individuals with sexual dysfunction in men may experience delayed ejaculation, or difficulty ejaculating during sexual activity.

It is important to note that experiencing some or all of these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean an individual has sexual dysfunction, and a diagnosis should be made by a qualified healthcare professional. However, if these symptoms persist or interfere with daily functioning or quality of life, it may be helpful to seek support from a healthcare professional or an online counsellor who can provide guidance and support in managing sexual dysfunction symptoms.

Myths & Facts about sexual dysfunction

Fact :
Sexual Dysfunction is a top priority for therapy. The symptoms shouldn't be disregarded because they are strongly tied to a woman's general health.

A woman's quality of life is impacted by the symptoms of this condition, which can also have a severe effect on her romantic relationships. Some women may consequently experience unhappiness, insecurity, or social phobia.

Fact :
Although it can happen at any age, erectile dysfunction is more common among older men. Most men between the ages of 40 and 70 are affected.

Fact :
In the past, it was believed that sexual dysfunctions were solely caused by psychological issues. Today's medical professionals are aware that physical factors may contribute to or cause such issues.

Fact :
Erection issues may be brought on by a number of factors. It's much more likely that it's something else, even though one of them could be a lack of sexual attraction to your partner.
Fact :
Because ED can have emotional consequences for both partners, counselling is recommended for many ED sufferers and their partners.

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Causes, Issues and challenges of sexual dysfunction

Causes of Sexual Dysfunctions

Sexual dysfunction can have a variety of causes, including:

1. Psychological factors: Psychological factors, such as stress, anxiety, depression, and relationship issues, can contribute to sexual dysfunction.

2. Physical health conditions: Certain physical health conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, and neurological disorders, can impact sexual function.

3. Medications: Some medications, particularly those used to treat high blood pressure, depression, anxiety, and prostate cancer, can impact sexual function as a side effect.

4. Hormonal imbalances: Changes in hormonal levels, particularly in testosterone, estrogen, and thyroid hormones, can impact sexual function.

5. Age-related changes: As individuals age, they may experience changes in sexual function due to changes in hormone levels and physical health.

6. Substance use: Substance use, particularly alcohol and drug use, can contribute to sexual dysfunction.

7. Trauma: Traumatic experiences, such as sexual assault or abuse, can impact sexual function.

Seek medical consultation if sexual dysfunction impacts one's quality of life or causing distress. Treatment for sexual dysfunction may involve addressing underlying physical or psychological factors, adjusting medications, or using specific sex therapies, or CBT or devices to improve sexual function.

Individuals with sexual dysfunction face a number of challenges in their personal and interpersonal lives. Some of these challenges include:

- Lowered self-esteem and negative body image: Sexual dysfunction can lead to negative thoughts and feelings about one's own body and abilities, which can affect self-esteem and confidence.

- Relationship problems: Sexual dysfunction can create tension and frustration in romantic relationships, leading to conflicts and even breakups.

- Emotional distress: Sexual dysfunction can cause feelings of sadness, anxiety, and depression, which can lead to emotional distress and further complicate the problem.

- Isolation and stigma: Individuals with sexual dysfunction may feel isolated and stigmatized, as sexual performance is often seen as a measure of masculinity or femininity in our culture.

- Negative impact on quality of life: Sexual dysfunction can have a significant negative impact on an individual's overall quality of life, affecting not just their personal relationships but also their career, hobbies, and other aspects of daily life.

Individuals with sexual dysfunction to seek help from a healthcare professional or a sex therapist, sexologist, sex psychologsist who can provide appropriate treatments, sex counseling and support.

Loved ones of individuals with sexual dysfunction may also face their own set of challenges and issues like:

- Strain on the relationship: Sexual dysfunction can put a strain on the relationship between the individual with sexual dysfunction and their loved one, causing tension, frustration, and disappointment.

- Self-esteem and confidence: Loved ones may also experience lowered self-esteem and confidence, perhaps feeling that they are not attractive or desirable to their partner.

- Frustration and guilt: Loved ones may feel frustrated by the difficulties and limitations caused by sexual dysfunction, and may also experience guilt for feeling frustrated or unsatisfied with their sexual relationship.

- Social isolation: Loved ones may feel isolated and ashamed of their sexual difficulties and avoid discussing this issue with friends or family.

- Communication challenges: Communication is important in any relationship, but individuals with sexual dysfunction and their loved ones may find it challenging to communicate their needs, desires, and concerns openly and honestly.

It is essential for loved ones to seek support and online counselling, either separately or in couple counselling with the individual experiencing sexual dysfunction, to address these challenges and work towards a resolution.



Low Self- Confidence

Social Withdrawal

Substance Abuse


Marital Conflicts

Suicidal Ideation







Financial Burden

Social Alienation



Treatment of sexual dysfunction

There are several different types of treatment and management techniques for sexual dysfunction, including:

Counseling and therapy: This type of treatment can be effective for individuals who have sexual dysfunction due to psychological or emotional factors. Examples include cognitive-behavioral therapy, sex therapy, and couple therapy.

Medications: Certain medications can be prescribed to treat sexual dysfunction, including phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5 inhibitors) for erectile dysfunction and hormone therapy for low testosterone levels.

Lifestyle changes: Making changes to one's lifestyle can be helpful for individuals with sexual dysfunction. Examples include improving one's diet, getting regular exercise, reducing stress, and quitting smoking.

Medical devices: There are various medical devices that can help individuals with sexual dysfunction, such as penile implants or vacuum devices for erectile dysfunction, or vaginal dilators for women with vaginismus.

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be recommended to correct physical causes of sexual dysfunction, such as a penile implant for erectile dysfunction or surgery to correct pelvic organ prolapse.

Alternative therapies: Some individuals may benefit from alternative therapies such as acupuncture, herbal supplements, or massage therapy.


Benefits of Online Counselling for sexual dysfunction

Sexual dysfunction counseling can provide numerous benefits to individuals who are experiencing various sexual issues. Here are some potential benefits of online counseling for sexual dysfunction:

1. Increased Understanding of Sexuality: Online counselling for sexual dysfunction can help individuals gain a better understanding of their sexuality and learn about various sexual health topics, causes, and factors contributing to sexual dysfunction

2. Increased communication and intimacy between partners

3. Identifying Underlying Causes: A sex therapist can help identify and address underlying causes of sexual issues, which may include relationship problems, past traumas, medical conditions, hormonal imbalances, underlying emotional or psychological issues that may be contributing to the dysfunction

4. Enhanced Sexual Pleasure: Counseling for sexual issues can help individuals develop new ways to experience pleasure and intimacy.

5. Developing strategies and skills for managing and overcoming sexual dysfunction

6. Addressing any negative emotions, such as anxiety or depression, which may be affecting sexual function

7. Developing healthy coping mechanisms for dealing with stress or other life challenges that may impact sexual function

8. Improved Relationship Satisfaction: Sex therapy can help improve communication and intimacy between partners, leading to greater relationship satisfaction.

9. Increased self-awareness and self-esteem

10. Addressing any negative beliefs or attitudes towards sex that may be impacting sexual function

11. Reduced Sexual Anxiety: Individuals with sexual dysfunction may experience significant anxiety related to their sexual experiences. A sex therapist can help reduce this anxiety through counseling and education.

12. Improved overall sexual satisfaction and enjoyment

13. Improved quality of life and overall well-being.

It's important to note that the specific benefits of sexual dysfunction counseling may vary depending on the individual and their unique situation. If you are experiencing sexual issues, it's recommended that you consult with a qualified sex therapist or mental health professional like a psychologist or online psychiatrist to discuss your options for treatment.

Best Therapists in India for sexual dysfunction

"If you want to overcome sexual dysfunction and develop a healthier relationship with your partner, talking to a sex therapist might be the best treatment option."

Assessment for sexual dysfunction

Female Sexual Function Test

Female Sexual Function Test

Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory

Brief Male Sexual Function Inventory

Frequently Asked Questions on sexual dysfunction

a. Disorders of sexual desire/interest, b. arousal disorder, c. orgasm issue, and d. sexual pain is one the four main types of sexual dysfunction.
Physical conditions like heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and smoking can all lead to erectile dysfunction. On the other hand, sexual feelings can also be hampered by mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, and relationship issues.
According to the study, ED affects an increasing percentage of men as they age; at age 40, it affects about 40% of men, and by age 70, it affects about 70% of men. At age 40, the prevalence of full ED was 5%; at age 70, it was 15%. The factor most significantly linked to ED was age.
It is preferable to speak with a sexologist or a counselor/therapist that specializes in sexual dysfunction disorder if you believe that your sexual dysfunction has disrupted your life. If you believe you can go through it alone, though, you can start by talking to your partner. With this, you can also alter your lifestyle by abstaining from alcohol and engaging in consistent physical activity such as exercise. It will also help to learn new stress-reduction techniques.
Sexual dysfunction isn’t a mental disorder. However, sexual dysfunction as per statsistical psychological disorders mannual is defined as “a clinically significant disturbance in a person's ability to respond sexually or to experience sexual pleasure.”
Sexual dysfunction can be caused to due to a number of reasons. Some reasons may include: diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, alcoholism, and drug abuse and also there are psychological reasons.
You cannot take medication for sexual dysfunction without consultation with a specialist. For us to reveal any drug in this way is unethical and beneath professionalism. One of our mental health experts with a specialization in sexual dysfunction is available for online consultation.
"Therapists who specialize in sexual dysfunction disorder can help you immensely in recovering from your sexual issues. These professionals are good at solving these issues. They can help you in making your sexual and personal life good through emotional exploration, cognitive restructuring, and providing sex therapy. The client can work along with the therapist to set short-term and long-term goals to deal with sexual dysfunction. TalktoAngel is an online platform that provides quality therapy and other mental health services online. We work with professionals who are skilled and knowledgeable. Sexual dysfunction is one of our areas of expertise. We have experts and specialists who have successfully worked previously on cases of sexual dysfunction disorder. Studies have shown that conventional and online mental health services are equally effective. Furthermore, we prioritize your needs at TalktoAngel. At the tip of your fingers, we can assist you with flexible appointment times as well as personalized and tailored intervention plans. "
Diet. Maintaining sexual function and lowering your risk of ED may be aided by eating a balanced diet. Exercise. Sleep. Reduces weight. Psychotherapy with the best clinical psychologist Relationship counselling or sex therapy. Alleviation of stress. Cutting back on alcohol.