Behavioral Issues in Children

Behavioral Issues in Children

January 31 2023 TalktoAngel 0 comments 607 Views

Raising children can be difficult, and doing so might seriously disrupt one's life if the children are troublemakers. It might be difficult to tell if your child is just going through a phase or if something more serious is happening.

Around adults, kids occasionally fight, act violently, or appear irate or disobedient. If these annoying actions are unusual for the child's age at the time, if they continue over time, or if they are severe, a behavior problem may be identified. Disorders characterized by disruptive conduct often go by the name "externalizing disorders" since they include acting out and displaying inappropriate behaviour toward others.

A toddler throwing a fit doesn't always indicate that they have a problem with authority, and a kindergartener who has trouble sitting still doesn't always have focus issues. Experts advise limiting diagnosis and labels when attempting to comprehend our children's behavior.

Naughty, defiant, and impulsive behavior in young toddlers is common and completely normal. However, some children behave in ways that are unusually demanding for their age group.

These problems could be the result of short-term pressures in the child's life or they could be an indication of more persistent disorders. The most frequent disorders that result in disruptive behavior are:oppositional defiant disorder (ODD),conduct disorder (CD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Many of these are probably familiar to you. Some are more uncommon or less frequently used outside of conversations regarding child psychology.

For instance, ODD comprises aggressive outbursts that are frequently aimed towards superiors. A diagnosis, however, must be made when the behaviors have persisted for more than six months and have interfered with the development of the kid. Conduct disorder is a considerably more severe diagnosis that includes behaviors that are considered cruel to both people and animals. These are highly uncommon behaviors in young children, and examples include physical violence and even criminal activity.

While autism can impact kids in a variety of ways, including behaviorally, socially, and cognitively, it actually refers to a wide range of illnesses.

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

One in ten children under the age of 12 are thought to have oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), with boys outnumbering girls two to one. One or more of a child with ODD's common behaviors includes:

  • Easily offended, agitated, or annoyed
  • Frequently throwing tantrums
  • Disputes frequently with adults, especially those who are closest to them in their lives, like their parents.
  • Not following rules
  • Appears to be trying to irritate or bother others on purpose.
  • A low sense of self
  • Low tolerance for frustration
  • Tries to assign blame for any errors or misdeeds to someone else.

Conduct Disorder

Due to their delinquent behavior and resistance to following regulations, children with conduct disorder (CD) are sometimes labeled as "bad kids." It is estimated that 5% of 10-year-olds have CD, with boys outnumbering girls four to one. About one-third of CD youngsters also have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

The following typical behaviours are sometimes seen in children with CD:

  • Persistently disobeying parents or other adults in positions of authority
  • Recurring absences from class
  • Tendency to use substances, including alcohol and smokes, from a young age
  • Lacking of compassion for others
  • Being hostile to people and animals, or engaging in cruel behavior, such as bullying and physical or sexual abuse
  • Willingness to initiate violent conflict
  • Bringing guns into physical conflict
  • Regular lying
  • Criminal activity including stealing, setting fires on purpose, breaking into homes, and vandalism
  • A propensity to flee one's home
  • Suicidal ideations, are less commonly seen.

Childhood behavioral and emotional disorders (EBD) have detrimental effects on individuals, families, and society in the form of poor academic, occupational, and psychosocial functioning. They also entail costs to society in the form of direct behavioral consequences. In addition to the financial costs of services to treat the affected individuals, such as youth justice services, courts, prison services, social services, foster homes, psychiatric services, accident and emergency services, alcohol and drug misuse services, as well as unemployment and other required state benefits, the costs to society also include the trauma, disruption, and psychological problems caused to victims of crime or aggression in homes, schools, and communities.

It is difficult to prevent and manage EBD, and it takes a coordinated multidisciplinary effort from healthcare professionals working at many levels to assess, prevent, and manage afflicted individuals as well as to offer social, economic, and psychological assistance to the affected families.

While the evidence for much psychosocial therapy is growing, it is less strong for pharmaceutical treatments except than the use of stimulants for ADHD.

Depending on the specific disease and variables that contribute to it, treatment is typically varied and may include:

  • Parental education, such as showing parents how to interact with and control their kids.
  • Family counseling helps the whole family become more adept at communicating and addressing problems.
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy is used to teach children how to regulate their thoughts and actions.
  • Social training teaches the child crucial social abilities like how to interact with others and play nicely.
  • Anger control: The youngster learns to identify the symptoms of mounting irritability and is provided a variety of coping mechanisms to diffuse their anger and aggressive behavior. Additionally taught are relaxation methods and stress management approaches.
  • Support for related issues, such as professional assistance for a child with a learning disability
  • Encouragement is necessary because many kids with behavioral issues repeatedly fail in their academics and social connections. Building self-esteem can be aided by encouraging the youngster to succeed in their special talents (such as sports).
  • To help with impulse control, use medication

Prevention of Disruptive behaviour Disorder

The precise cause of certain children's disruptive behaviour issues is unknown. Numerous elements, including biological and societal ones, may be involved. It is well known that exposure to other forms of violence and criminal activity, maltreatment, harsh or inconsistent parenting, or parental mental health issues like substance use disordersexternal icon, depression, external icon, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder increase the risk for children (ADHD). The degree to which a kid develops behavioural issues can also be influenced by the quality of early childhood care.

There are techniques to lessen the likelihood that children may develop disruptive behaviour problems, even though these factors seem to raise the risk. Discover public health strategies to reduce these risks:

  • Constructive parenting techniquesfor young children,
  • Good parenting Tips
  • Prevention of child abuse
  • Prevention of youth violence
  • External ICON for preventing bullying
  • Adults' mental health
  • locating child care of the highest calibre external Icon
  • Counselling of Parents, Child and teacher

If you are searching for a “Psychologist near me” or wants to connect with the Best Psychologist in India at TalktoAngel best Online Counselling platform in India for Kid Therapy and Teen Therapy seek professional assistance from the best Child Psychologists.

Contributed by: Dr(Prof) R K Suri, Clinical Psychologist & Life Coach &  Ms. Aditi Bhardwaj


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