Common Developmental Delays in Children

Common Developmental Delays in Children

January 09 2024 TalktoAngel 0 comments 487 Views

Developmental delays may impact multiple aspects of a child's growth. Global developmental delay is the term used to describe when a kid has delays in many or all of these categories.

Certain developmental delays have a known cause, however, the reason behind many children's delays, or numerous delays, is unclear.

Cognitive Delays

Cognitive delays may interfere with a kid's ability to think critically, impair awareness, and result in learning challenges that frequently surface once a child starts school. Children with cognitive and developmental delays may struggle to play and communicate with others.

Children who have had a brain injury as a result of an illness, such as meningitis, which can result in brain swelling known as encephalitis, may experience this kind of delay. A cognitive delay may also be more likely in those with shaken baby syndrome, epilepsy disorders, and genetic conditions that influence intellectual development, like Down syndrome. However, it is frequently impossible to pinpoint a specific cause for this kind of delay.

How is a child's ability to function impacted?

A kid who is cognitively delayed could have a hard time understanding simple instructions. Additionally, they could have trouble copying words and gestures and speaking. Playing and interacting with others could be difficult. They might not exhibit the same amount of alertness and curiosity as kids their age do. They could show a lack of memory and appear not to know the functions of everyday objects like spoons.

Common Disorders of Cognitive Development

  • Down syndrome
  • Fragile X Syndrome (FXS)
  • Cerebral Palsy
  • Dyslexia
  • Dyscalculia

Motor Delays

The coordination of big muscle groups, like the arms and legs, and smaller muscle groups, like the hands, is hampered in children with motor skill delays. Infants with gross motor delays could have trouble turning over or crawling, and older kids with this kind of delay might appear clumsy or struggle to climb stairs. Fine motor delays can make it difficult for some people to grip small objects like toys or do chores like tying shoes or cleaning their teeth.

Achondroplasia, which shortens the limbs, and diseases that affect the muscles, including cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, can cause certain motor delays in children. They could also be brought on by structural issues such as discrepancy in limb length

Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Delays

Social, emotional, or behavioral impairments are frequently present in children with developmental delays, including those who also have concomitant neurobehavioral disorders including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder. They may receive information or respond to their environment differently than kids their age due to variances in brain development. The ability of a kid to learn, communicate, and interact with others may be hampered by these delays.

Social and emotional skills are frequently difficult for kids with developmental impairments. For instance, individuals could struggle to pick up on social signs, start a discussion, or maintain a two-way dialogue. They might also have trouble handling anger or adjusting to change. Children with developmental delays may have lengthier tantrums and require more time to calm down than other children when the environment becomes too emotionally or socially demanding. This conduct may indicate that the child requires additional care, such as changing his or her surroundings or developing coping mechanisms for social and emotional difficulties.

Speech & Language Delays

Some speech delays can be brought on by receptive language deficiencies, which affect a child's capacity to comprehend words or concepts. The identification of colors, body parts, or forms may be challenging for kids with this kind of speech delay. Others include expressive language disorders when a youngster has a limited vocabulary and sentences that are too complicated for their age. A youngster who experiences this kind of Speech Delay may take longer to communicate, babble, and form complete sentences. A kid with a speech delay frequently exhibits both expressive and receptive deficits.

A speech production disorder is when a child's oral motor function, such as weakness in the mouth muscles or trouble moving the tongue or jaw, affects their ability to produce speech.

Speech delays in children may result from physiological factors such as brain injury, genetic diseases, or hearing loss. Environmental variables, such as a lack of stimulation, contribute to other speech delays. But frequently, there is no clear reason for a child's speech delay.

Delays in development could be transient. In these situations, the youngster "catches up " and exhibits age-appropriate development and learning. However, a delay could be a sign of a chronic illness, like a disorder or impairment.

In either situation, early intervention is crucial. It enables a child with a delay to perform at their peak level in a particular developmental domain. If your child is having any of the issues related to the red flags mentioned, this calls for:

The detection of Developmental Delays. The development delays need proper analysis, diagnosis, and therapy plan, seek consultation with the best Child Psychologist at TalktoAngel

A therapeutic program that links a child with a condition and their caretakers to professionals who can help.

Monitoring a child's development to make sure they get the greatest results possible.

TalktoAngel is having more than 100 Child Psychologists on its platform who provide the best Online kid Therapy, Teen Therapy, and parenting courses. It offers the best Free Online Assessment tools for having a free assessment.

Contributed by: Dr (Prof) R K Suri, Clinical Psychologist & Life Coach & Ms. Aditi BhardwajPsychologist


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