Counseling for Intellectual Disability or Children With Special Needs

Counseling for Intellectual Disability or Children With Special Needs

November 21 2022 TalktoAngel 0 comments 3918 Views

What is intellectual disability or Special Need Children?

Intellectual disability (ID) is a problem to solve when an individual has problems with both intellectual functioning and daily functioning. Individuals with intellectual disabilities may struggle with speaking, reading, eating, using a telephone, caring for themselves, or interacting appropriately with others. We used to call it mental retardation, but that term is no longer used. Before the age of 18, an intellectual disability is diagnosed. 

Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a lot and, as adults, may lead the representation of logical or fully independent lives. Individuals with intellectual disabilities may also experience physical issues such as seizures, and difficulty seeing, hearing, or speaking.

When an intellectual disability is suspected, it is critical that the child receives a comprehensive evaluation to determine the cause of the intellectual disability, as well as strengths and specific needs to support learning new skills. 

The evaluation involves a large number of professionals. The evaluation includes general medical tests as well as tests in neurology, psychology, psychiatry, special education, hearing, speech, vision, and physical therapy. These tests are coordinated by a clinician, who is usually a doctor or adolescent and Child Counsellor

What Factors Contribute to Intellectual Disability?

Mental retardation, Down syndrome, and other similar conditions have a genetic predisposition. Pregnant women's drug and alcohol use, as well as other pregnancy complications and premature birth, oxygen deprivation, and malnourishment, are all issues that arise during childbirth. Meningitis, measles, seizures, and head injury or accident are examples of medical conditions.

Signs and Symptoms of intellectual disability

Developmental delay Intelligence below average, cannot effectively communicate, failure to adapt, and academic and learning difficulties. They may have logical reasoning difficulty, slow movements, and forgetfulness.

Working with Developmentally Disabled Adults

The need for and availability of mental health services for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities is vast. As more people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) reach adulthood, they may face a variety and severity of mental health challenges that far outnumber the supply of specialized mental health clinicians, such as psychologists. Anxiety disorders, depression, and suicidal thoughts, as well as life's more routine emotional challenges, can all have an impact on adults with Intellectual disabilities. Their vulnerability may be greater in some cases.

It is sometimes assumed that people with intellectual disabilities lack the cognitive abilities to participate in counseling. Online Counsellor through Online Counselling can help people with disabilities, Intellectual disabilities, but they frequently require a different approach to therapy.

For the first time in history, people with disabilities are attempting to take their rightful place in society as full members of society. The risk is that society will respond with reparation and generosity, instead of equality and respect."

If the counseling profession is willing, it truly has the power to promote social change.

• Are individuals?

• If you are...educate yourself, expose yourself to new experiences and educate others

Three aspects of adaptive functioning are taken into account:  Language, reading, writing, math, reasoning, knowledge, and memory are all concepts.

Empathy, social judgment, communication skills, the ability to follow rules, and the ability to make and maintain friendships are all examples of social skills.

Practical - self-sufficiency in areas such as personal care, job responsibilities, money management, recreation, and organization of school and work tasks.

Adaptive functioning is assessed using standardized measures administered to the individual as well as interviews with others such as family members, teachers, and caregivers. 

Intellectual disability is classified as mild, moderate, or severe (the majority of people with intellectual disability fall into this category). Intellectual disability symptoms emerge during childhood. Language or motor skill delays may be observed by the age of two. However, mild intellectual disability may not be detected until the child reaches school age.

Autism spectrum disorder, mental retardation, epilepsy, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, impulse control disorder, and depression and anxiety disorders are some of the mental health, neurodevelopment, medical, and physical conditions that frequently co-occur in people with intellectual disability. Identifying and diagnosing co-occurring conditions can be difficult, such as recognizing depression in a person with limited verbal ability. Family caregivers play a critical role in detecting subtle changes. An accurate diagnosis and treatment are essential for any individual to live a healthy and fulfilling life, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), a disorder of impulse control, depression, and anxiety problems. 


  • Psychoeducation for parents to help them understand the symptoms and provide a supportive environment, ABA Therapies or behavior modification and behavior therapies.
  • Occupational therapy to improve motor functionality and mobility
  • Speech therapy to improve communication and social relationships
  • Expressive art  therapies to express feelings that they may be unable to communicate

Advice for Parents

  1. Request assistance and learn about your child's disability.
  2. Make contact with other parents of disabled children.
  3. Be patient; your child's learning pace may be slower.
  4. Encourage self-sufficiency and responsibility.
  5. Educate yourself on the educational services that your child is entitled to.
  6. Learn about the laws that are in place to help your child live the best life possible.
  7. Look for social, recreational, and sporting opportunities in your community (such as Best Buddies or Special Olympics).

Seeking Help

Once the intellectual disability has been identified and evaluated by a licensed Child Counsellor. It is essential to create an Individualized Education Plan (IEP). This plan outlines the child's needs and the assistance they should receive.

Intervention strategies are frequently individualized, and in some circumstances, little adjustments to lifestyle or child care may result in improvement. Others may benefit more from specialized medical care, personalized Online Counselling, or Online Therapy. Talk therapy and online counseling for intellectual disabilities may be particularly beneficial for people with minor disabilities.



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