Expressive Arts Therapy
The therapy which Integrate writing, drama, painting, and music. The role of the therapist is to delve into reactions and conceptions through pictures and sounds within the art processes. It is not important for the individual to have artistic abilities to take part in expressive art therapy. Expressive art therapy or art therapy works as a tool for assessment as well as for therapy. It is primarily used in pre-pubescent children who have problem expressing their feeling and emotions. Some prevalent therapeutic methodologies comprise the use of several art techniques which includes Finger painting, squiggle drawing game, Mask making and kinetic family drawing technique. It is used as a part of treatment strategy while dealing with emotional and behavioural problems. The emphasis of this technique is on the effect of the creativity and it focuses on capabilities of an individual to transform thoughts and emotions into perceptible shapes.
Art therapy is generally used with children especially with those who have suffered trauma in the form sexual abuse. Techniques of art and play therapy makes it easier for the pre-pubescent child to express what they cannot tell what they cannot communicate verbally. It is also use to treat many other disorders like
• Generalised Anxiety Disorder
• major depressive disorder
• Substance dependency
• Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
• Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa
As a part of art therapy, filial therapy techniques are used to train caregivers (most commonly parents) with techniques of play and art therapy which can be used at home with their children. It incorporates family as the main agents of therapy hence making them critical to therapeutic relationship. Therapist trains and supervise the family members generally caregivers to aid them in resolving the challenges. It does not focus on parent or the child but on the relationship between them. It works on the principles of psychodynamic and behavioural approach simultaneously focusing on the family systems. Filial therapy involves several stages and techniques and it is usually organised in a group setting. The basic techniques used in the therapy are child-centred, non-invasive techniques like structuring, limit setting, empathetic listening and child centered imaginary playing.
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