Persistent Mood (Affective) Disorders - Counselling

Persistent Mood (Affective) Disorders - Counselling

December 09 2022 TalktoAngel 0 comments 174 Views

What is Cyclothymia? 

Cyclothymia, often known as a cyclothymic disorder, is frequently thought of as a chronic, milder variant of bipolar illness (previously known as manic-depressive disorder). Cyclothymics go through cyclic "highs" and "lows," as shown by significant mood and energy swings that impair their ability to perform. These mood swings might happen suddenly and at any time. Only brief moments of normal mood are typically experienced by someone with cyclothymia.

According to reports, cyclothymia affects the general population at rates between 0.4% and 1%. Many experts believe that cyclothymia is significantly underdiagnosed and misdiagnosed since it shares many symptoms with bipolar illness and borderline personality disorder, lacks distinct cyclothymic episodes, and co-occurs with other disorders including anxiety, irritability, or depression.

Cyclothymia has no recognized causes. Since cyclothymia, depression, and bipolar disorder all have the propensity to run in families, there may be a hereditary component.

Mood fluctuations that vary between mild to moderate "highs" and "lows" are one of the signs of cyclothymia. According to definitions, a "high" is a specific period of time during which a person has an abnormally elevated or irritable mood as well as an abnormal increase in activity or energy. Additional signs comprise:

  • Possessing a great sense of self
  • Being extremely chatty
  • Having a speeding mind
  • Being prone to distraction
  • Putting more of an emphasis on one's objectives, including those related to employment, school, relationships, and sexuality.
  • Waking up feeling rested even after only three hours of sleep
  • Having become more agitated
  • Participating excessively in risky or irresponsible activities, such as shopping binges, sex encounters, or making poor business judgments

A "low" is described as a specific time when a person feels down or hopeless and/or has less interest in activities they used to like. Other signs and symptoms of a "low" could include:

  • Feelings of guilt, shame, and social isolation
  • Appetite loss together with weight loss
  • Having difficulties sleeping (insomnia) or staying up (hypersomnia) almost every day
  • Fatigue or a substantial decrease in energy
  • Reduced capacity for concentration
  • Suicidal ideations

What is Dysthymia?

Dysthymia, another name for persistent depressive disorder, is a persistent, chronic form of depression. You could become disinterested in routine everyday activities, experience hopelessness, be unproductive, have low self-esteem, and feel insufficient all around. Your relationships, studies, employment, and daily activities may be greatly hampered by these symptoms, which persist for years.

Even on pleasant occasions, someone with a chronic depressive disorder may struggle to remain optimistic; they may be described as having a gloomy attitude, whining continuously, or incapable of having fun. Your current state of depression may be mild, moderate, or severe, even though the persistent depressive disorder is not as severe as major depression.

Symptoms of persistent depressive disorder may be recurrent i.e. appear and disappear over years, and their strength and intensity can also fluctuate. However, in the case of persistent depressive disorder, symptoms generally last for longer than two months at a given time. Additionally, significant depressive episodes may start or continue to exist alongside persistent depressive disorder; this is called double depression.

The following are typical symptoms of chronic depressive disorder:

  • Loss of enthusiasm for routine activities
  • Sadness, emptiness, or a negative attitude
  • Hopelessness
  • Fatigue and insufficient energy
  • Self-doubt, self-judgment, or a sense of inadequacy
  • Having difficulties focusing and making judgments
  • Excessive irritability or fury
  • Decreased activity, efficacy, and output
  • Avoiding social interactions
  • Guilt-ridden thoughts and concerns about the past
  • Overeating or having a poor appetite
  • Issues with sleep

You could assume that these feelings will always be a part of your life because they have persisted for such a long time. However, get medical attention if you have any indications of chronic depression condition.

Discuss your symptoms with your primary care physician. Or an Online Counsellor for assistance immediately. Reach out to someone else, such as a friend or loved one, a teacher, or someone else you trust, if you're hesitant to see a mental health professional Connect with the Best Psychologist in India at TalktoAngel an Online Counselling platform This person could be able to assist direct you to treatment.

Difference between Cyclothymia and Dysthymia

A mood illness called dysthymia is characterized by a persistent, milder form of depression. Persistent depressive disorder is another name for it. Major depressive disorder can occasionally affect those who have this illness. Dysthymia typically affects women twice as frequently as it does men. According to doctors, it is caused by chemical abnormalities in the brain. Also connected to dysthymia include long-term stress and trauma. Additionally, dysthymia appears to run in families.

Cyclothymia is a form of mood illness characterized by periods of hypomania and fluctuating low degrees of depression. Irritability, aggression, aggressiveness, sleeplessness, changes in appetite, weight loss or increase, weariness, decreased sexual desire, feelings of hopelessness, inattentiveness, lack of concentration, and unexplained physical complaints are some of the depressive symptoms of cyclothymia. Extreme self-esteem, excessive talking, racing thoughts, loss of attention, restlessness, heightened anxiety, going days without sleep, argumentativeness, hypersexuality, and impulsive behavior are some of the manic symptoms of this illness. What causes cyclothymia symptoms is unknown to researchers. But there is evidence that this illness runs in families.

Dysthymia is a type of mood illness marked by a milder but persistent form of depression, whereas cyclothymia is a type of mood disorder marked by fluctuating low levels of depression mixed with intervals of hypomania. This is the main distinction between the two mood disorders.

The mental disorders dysthymia and cyclothymia fall within these categories. All forms of depression and bipolar disorders are collectively referred to as mood disorders by medical practitioners. Mood problems can affect people of any age, including kids and adults. However, kids and teenagers may not necessarily have the same symptoms as adults. Major depression, dysthymia, cyclothymia, bipolar disorder, mood disorders linked to other medical diseases, and substance-induced mood disorders are among the most prevalent types of mood disorder

If you consider that you are exhibiting symptoms of Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders, you may consult with Best Clinical Psychologist in India, at the multiplication clinic Psychowellness Center, at Dwarka, Janakpuri, Gurgaon, Vasant Vihar, Faridabad, and Delhi NCR

 

Contributed by: Dr (Prof) R K Suri and Ms. Aditi Bhardwaj

 



SHARE


Leave a Comment:

Related Post



Categories

Related Quote

“Anxiety is a thin stream of fear trickling through the mind. If encouraged, it cuts a channel into which all other thoughts are drained.”

“Anxiety is a thin stream of fear trickling through the mind. If encouraged, it cuts a channel into which all other thoughts are drained.” - Arthur Somers Roche

"It is okay to have depression, it is okay to have anxiety and it is okay to have an adjustment disorder. We need to improve the conversation. We all have mental health in the same way we all have physical health."

"It is okay to have depression, it is okay to have anxiety and it is okay to have an adjustment disorder. We need to improve the conversation. We all have mental health in the same way we all have physical health." - Prince Harry

“We need to do a better job of putting ourselves higher on our own ‘to-do’ list.”

“We need to do a better job of putting ourselves higher on our own ‘to-do’ list.” - Michelle Obama

“What ever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.”

“What ever the mind of man can conceive and believe, it can achieve.” - Napoleon Hill

Best Therapists In India


Self Assessment



GreenWave