Types of Schizophrenia

Types of Schizophrenia

December 21 2022 TalktoAngel 0 comments 105 Views

What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a psychological illness that alters the way the brain functions. This leads to long-term issues with disordered ideas and actions, as well as symptoms like hallucinations, delusions, and a lack of emotional expressiveness.

Schizophrenia affects 0.3% to 0.7% of the population. It affects people of all races and nationalities, and it affects men slightly more than women. Although the precise causes are unknown, it involves both environmental and genetic factors.

It is common for patients to require lifetime care and treatment in order to deal with their signs and live meaningful, active lives. Medication, psychotherapy, and support systems are common treatments.

What causes schizophrenia?

There are a variety of causal factors that contribute to an individual developing schizophrenia. Some of them are-

1. Genetics and Family History

There is extensive proof of genetic susceptibility to schizophrenia. In the general population, the prevalence of schizophrenia is less than 1%. Being connected to someone who has schizophrenia, on the other hand, dramatically increases your chances of having it.

  • Family Relationships-

As with other physical and mental health diseases, genetic predisposition influences whether or not someone develops symptoms of schizophrenia. The research data supporting the genetic or family loading to the predisposition for schizophrenia is compelling. Some studies, for example, have discovered:

If one of your siblings or parents has schizophrenia, your chances of developing it are about 10%.

If one of your parents has schizophrenia, your chances of having it increase by around 13%.

If your identical twin sibling has the condition, you have a 50% risk of having it as well.

If both of your parents have schizophrenia, you have a 40% chance of acquiring it as well.

We know that these familial risks are caused by genes instead of family environment because the odds are the same regardless of whether an individual is reared in the birth family. Children of adults suffering from schizophrenia are much more frequently placed for adoption since their parents are unable to care for them.

However, genes by themselves do not cause schizophrenia. If they did, identical twins, who share nearly the same genetic makeup, would have a near-100 percent chance of contracting the condition, rather than a 50-50 chance. 

2. Environment

As with many other health disorders, may influence on the onset of schizophrenia.

  • Infections caused by viruses

Virus exposure has been demonstrated to be a factor in the onset of schizophrenia.

  • Viruses of Herpes

People who have recently developed schizophrenia frequently have antibodies to two herpes viruses, HSV (herpes simplex virus) and CMV (cytomegalovirus) (cytomegalovirus).

  • Other Infectious Agents

People with schizophrenia are also more likely to have antibodies to toxoplasmosis gondii, a parasite that cats carry and can infect humans.

  • Toxin Exposition

Toxin exposure is thought to be involved in the onset of schizophrenia, possibly even during fetal development.

Do consult online with the best “Clinical psychologist near me” to understand, if you or your relative really suffer from schizophrenia or other mental health conditions like depression.

Types of Schizophrenia-

There exist many types of schizophrenia that are recognized and diagnosed via DSM –V and ICD-11. They are-

  • Schizophrenia of paranoia

This is the most typical form of schizophrenia. It may appear in later life than other types. Hallucinations and/or delusions are common symptoms; however, your speech and feelings may not be affected.

  • Hebephrenic psychosis

This kind of schizophrenia, often known as 'disorganized schizophrenia,' typically develops between the ages of 15 and 25. Indicators include disorganized behavior and ideas, as well as brief delusions and hallucinations. You may have fragmented speech patterns, making it difficult for others to understand you.

Disorganized schizophrenia patients frequently exhibit little or no emotion in their facial expressions, speech tone, or mannerisms.

  • Schizophrenic catatonia-

This is the most uncommon kind of schizophrenia, characterized by strange, limited, and sudden movements. You may frequently alternate between being incredibly busy and quite still. You may not speak much and may imitate the words and movements of others.

  • Unclassified schizophrenia

Your diagnosis may show indications of paranoid, hebephrenic, or catatonic schizophrenia, however it does not clearly fit into any of these categories.

  • Recurrent schizophrenia

If you have a history of psychosis but only experience negative symptoms, you may be diagnosed with residual schizophrenia (such as sluggish movement, memory problems, and lack of concentration and poor hygiene).

  • Simple Schizophrenia

Negative symptoms (such as slow mobility, poor memory, loss of focus, and poor hygiene) emerge first and deteriorate over time, whereas positive symptoms (such as hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking) are uncommon.

  • Schizophrenia with cenesthopathy

People suffering from cenesthopathic schizophrenia have unique physiological feelings.

  • Schizophrenia- Unspecified 

Symptoms fulfill the overall criteria for a diagnosis but do not fall into any of the aforementioned categories.

To deal with your schizophrenia issues connect with the Best Psychologist in India or “Best Psychiatrist near me” at TalktoAngel India’s No. 1 Psychiatrist India Consultation and Online Counselling platform.

Contributed by: Dr (Prof) R K Suri and Ms. Varshini Nayyar 




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