Understanding Cognitive Distortions
An individual indulges in blaming when he holds other people responsible for his/her emotional pain and suffering.
2. "Should & Must" Statements:
"Should I pick up after my partner?"; "I Must not pick up fights with my partner"; "I should not break the rule as, I feel guilty when I violate my own rules".
"Should" statements often lead to anger, guilt and despair, leading oneself to question and doubt each and every action.
3. Emotional Reasoning:
The distortion of emotional reasoning can be true automatically and unconditionally. Whenever a person feels that he/she is "Boring & Stupid", then he/she proclaim or strongly feel so.
Emotions are very strong in people and often overrules- (i) rational thinking; and (ii) reasoning. Thus, emotional reasoning overpowers the ability to think both - rationally and logically. They assume that their unhealthy emotions are reflected in a way, that it must be true. Such reasoning often leads to the fallacy of wrong decision making.
4. Fallacy of Change:
Person expects that others would change themselves to suit him, if he/she pressures or cajoles them tightly. An individual need to change such a thinking because, this ultimately lead to their aspirations, hopes, happiness and success being dependent entirely on other people's dictated actions. This distortion is predominantly formed in relationships.
5. Global Labelling:
An individual generalizes one or two qualities into a 'Negative Global Judgement' about themselves or others, leading to an extreme form of "Overgeneralization". Over here an error in reference to a specific situation is overgeneralized by a person and he/she makes unhealthy universal labelling about themselves or others.
6. Always Being Right:
In this distortion, an individual often puts other people on trial to prove that his/her opinions/acts/words about a given situation/person/thing are absolutely correct. Such individual always considers them as being "Always Right".
7. Heaven Reward Fallacy:
It is a false belief and myth that, individuals make sacrifices and self-denial will eventually pay off; as if the universe is keeping score. A person who sacrifices and works hard to achieve a goal, but doesn’t get his/her share of adequate compensation - pay off or reward, usually feel - bitter, resentment and anger when such reward is not thrust upon him/her.
An individual makes the other person question their own thinking, perception and reality testing and thereby evoke in them - low self-esteem, doubting their ideas and affect- which may facilitate the development of cognitive confusion.
In our next article " 8 Common Cognitive Behaviour" , you may further know and understand more about Cognitive Disorders.
Understanding lifestyle management
Online therapy for self-improvement: all you need to know!
Constipated mind, constipated life
By Ms. Nisha Matani
Can you improve mental wellbeing with yoga?
Online counselling will help you defeat your phobias
How to practice mindfulness?
By Ms. Urja Dhagia
Beat exam stress: gearing up for the exam season
This holi color your life: holi and mental health
Self improvement: importance and approaches
Mental health counselling
Mental health is a human right: stand-up for human rights