Diabetes happens when your cells are unable to absorb and utilize the glucose (sugar) that your body uses as energy. As a result, your bloodstream begins to store more sugar. If diabetes is not managed, it can harm the heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves, and many other body organs and tissues.


Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Increased thirst.
  • Weak, tired feeling.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Tingling or numb hands or feet
  • Slow-healing sores or cuts.
  • Unplanned weight loss.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Frequent unexplained infections.
  • Dry mouth.


Causes of Type 1 Diabetes:
  • The cells in your pancreas that produce insulin are attacked by and killed by your body.
  • Without insulin, glucose cannot enter your cells.
  • The glucose in your bloodstream builds up.
  • Genes from some patients may also be at play.
  • The immune system may launch an assault as a result of contagion.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes and prediabetes:
  • The cells in your body prevent insulin from working as it is supposed and let glucose into the cells.
  • Insulin is no longer able to activate the cells in your body.
  • Your pancreas cannot keep up with the demand for enough insulin to overcome this resistance.
  • Glucose levels rise in your bloodstream.

Gestational Diabetes:
  • The placenta releases hormones during pregnancy that make your body's cells more resistant to insulin.
  • Your pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance.
  • Too much glucose remains in your bloodstream.


You will be given different treatments for your diabetes based on the type of diabetes you have, how your levels of blood sugar are managed, and whether you have any co-morbidities or underlying medical issues.

Treatments are focused on risk factors that can be managed, such as

  • Losing weight through a healthy diet (such as the Mediterranean diet)
  • Exercise (at least four or five days a week for 30 minutes).
  • Many of the suggested methods for treating and preventing diabetes are similar.

Diabetic Counselling: It includes psychotherapy, cognitive behavior therapy, acceptance commitment therapy, diet counseling, and lifestyle management counselling.

Frequently Asked Questions

Diabetes must be controlled since it can eventually result in major health issues like heart disease, stroke, eye problems, kidney disease, and nerve damage that could result in amputation. Additionally, type 2 diabetics may be more susceptible to cancer and Alzheimer's disease. People with diabetes are more likely to develop mental health issues, such as depression, stress, and anxiety. In such cases, seeking immediate help from the best psychologist in India can be of great assistance.
Although there is no known cure for type 2 diabetes, some people may be able to reverse it, according to research. By changing your diet and losing weight, you might be able to achieve and maintain normal blood sugar levels without using medication. This does not mean that you are healed completely. Type 2 diabetes is a life-long condition.
Older persons with diabetes may experience mild to severe symptoms. They include increased urination and thirst, fatigue, and blurred vision. Speak to your doctor if you experience any of these diabetic warning signs. Early diabetes detection can help avoid significant complications in the future.

Having diabetes comes with stress and concerns that can have an impact on your mental health. Talk to the best geriatric counsellor at TalktoAngel today.

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