Stroke

When the flow of blood to a portion of the brain is disrupted, a stroke effects. The brain cells begin to die within minutes because the blood is unable to provide them with the oxygen and nutrients they require. This could result in permanent brain damage, long-term disability, or even death. Strokes are classified into two types:

When a blood clot in the brain blocks or obstructs a blood vessel, it causes an ischemic stroke. Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke, accounting for roughly 80% of all cases.

When a blood vessel bursts, blood enters the brain, causing a hemorrhagic stroke.

Symptoms

Stroke symptoms frequently manifest among seniors are:-

  • Sudden facial, arm, or leg numbness
  • Body weakness, especially on one side
  • Unexpected difficulty in speaking
  • Comprehending speech
  • Vision problems that develop suddenly in one or both eyes
  • Suddenly having trouble walking,
  • Feeling lightheaded, unsteady, or uncoordinated
  • A strong headache suddenly appears

Causes

  • Clotting issues - Atrial fibrillation (especially when it happens due to sleep apnea).
  • Heart Defects (atrial septal defect or ventricular septal defect).
  • Microvascular ischemic illness (which can block smaller blood vessels in your brain).
  • High blood pressure - especially when it's been present for a long time, is extremely high, or both.
  • Hemorrhagic strokes - can occasionally be caused by brain aneurysms.
  • Lumps of the brain (including cancer).
  • Moyamoya disease - Conditions that weaken or result in unusual changes to the blood vessels in your brain.

Treatment

Treatment for a stroke. The course of treatment depends on the type of stroke:

Ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack
Because these stroke types are caused by a blood clot or a blockage in the brain, they are mostly treated in the same way. They may include the following:

  • Clot-busting medications
  • Thrombectomy by mechanical means
  • Surgery

Stroke with haemorrhage
Strokes caused by bleeds or leaks in the brain necessitate a different treatment approach. Haemorrhagic stroke treatments include:

  • Medication
  • Coiling
  • Surgical clamping

Healing from stroke

Frequently Asked Questions

Weakness, paralysis, and coordination or balance issues. Burning and tingling feelings, numbness, or pain. fatigue, which can persist once you get home. Neglect of one side of the body; in extreme situations, one might not even be aware of their arm or leg. Survivors of stroke can also go through emotional and behavioral changes. In such cases, seeking online geriatric counselling from the best psychologist in India would be advisable.
In actuality, people who are hospitalized during or after a stroke make up 66% of the population. After a stroke, recovery typically requires six to twelve months of intensive rehabilitation.
A stroke's primary risk factor is high blood pressure. When the blood pressure in your arteries and other blood vessels is too high, it happens. The majority of the time, elevated blood pressure has no symptoms. Check your blood pressure frequently. Other stressors and concerns may tag along with the stroke that can have an impact on your mental health. Talk to the best geriatric counsellor and seek online geriatric counselling at TalktoAngel today.


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