Developed by Viktor Frankl, logotherapy is a psychotherapy technique that centers on the individual's search for meaning in life as their main source of motivation. Along with Adler's individual psychology and Freud's psychoanalysis, it is referred to as the "Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy". Logotherapy aims to help individuals use their spiritual resources to endure adversity and turn suffering into achievement. Logotherapy techniques include dereflection, paradoxical aim, and Socratic discourse. It can be complementary to other forms of therapy and has been shown to improve an individual's sense of meaning and quality of life.



Logotherapy, developed by Viktor E. Frankl, is a psychotherapeutic approach rooted in his experiences as a Holocaust survivor. After enduring immense suffering in Nazi concentration camps, Frankl began developing Logotherapy, officially naming it in reference to the Greek word "logos" (meaning). It asserts that the primary human drive is the search for meaning, even in the face of suffering.

Frankl's seminal work, "Man's Search for Meaning" (1946), detailed his experiences and introduced Logotherapy's principles. These include finding meaning through creative work, experiencing love, and adopting a positive attitude toward suffering. This approach gained recognition in psychology and psychotherapy, becoming a pivotal element in existential psychology.

Focus theme / core-concept

Viktor E. Frankl's logotherapy is a psychotherapy technique that focuses on assisting individuals in finding meaning and purpose in their life. It is based on several core concepts such as the Search for Meaning, Will Meaning which means: drives them to seek purpose and significance in their experiences, even in the face of suffering and adversity, Noogenic Neuroses.


1. By teaching people how to find purpose in hardship and misfortune, logotherapy aids in the development of resilience in individuals. They are more equipped to handle life's obstacles thanks to their increased resilience.

2. Engaging in Logotherapy often leads to greater self-awareness. Through the process of searching for meaning, individuals discover more about themselves, their values, and what truly matters to them.

3. As Logotherapy emphasizes the importance of love and interpersonal connections, it can lead to improved relationships. People who find meaning in love and connection often experience more fulfilling and harmonious interactions with others.

4. Logotherapy addresses existential concerns and questions about the meaning of life, death, and suffering. By addressing these concerns, it can reduce existential anxiety and promote a sense of peace and acceptance.

5. The focus on meaning and purpose in Logotherapy contributes to emotional well-being. As individuals align their actions and values with their personal meaning, they often experience a greater sense of happiness and contentment.


1. Those seeking a sense of direction in life can explore and unearth the underlying meanings and values with the help of logotherapy. This entails assisting them in discovering what their life's purpose and true priorities are.

2. Logotherapy is particularly effective in helping individuals confront existential crises and questions related to the human condition. It guides them in addressing issues like the meaning of life, suffering, death, and freedom, which can lead to psychological distress.

3. Logotherapy seeks to alleviate "noogenic neurosis," which are psychological disorder rooted in the lack of meaning and purpose in life. By helping individuals discover and nurture meaning, the therapy can reduce feelings of emptiness and existential anxiety.

4. Logotherapy promotes the idea that individuals have the freedom to choose their attitude and responses in any situation, regardless of the external circumstances. It encourages personal responsibility for one's thoughts, actions, and choices.

5. By helping individuals find meaning in their suffering, Logotherapy strengthens their ability to cope with adversity, trauma, and challenging life events. It equips them with a resilient attitude and a greater capacity for emotional and psychological growth.


1. Socratic Dialogue: The therapist and the client have a meaningful conversation during which the therapist uses open-ended questions to assist the client in evaluating their values, beliefs, and experiences. Self-examination and self-discovery are encouraged by this approach.

2. Paradoxical Intention: This technique involves prescribing the "symptom" to the client as a way to help them confront and overcome it. By humorously or playfully exaggerating the problem, it can reduce anxiety and fear associated with the issue.

3. Dereflection: In situations where individuals are excessively self-absorbed or anxious, the therapist may encourage them to shift their focus away from themselves by directing their energy toward external goals or concerns. This technique can help alleviate psychological distress.

4. Self-Transcendence: Logotherapy encourages individuals to look beyond their immediate concerns and consider the broader context of life. By focusing on serving others or contributing to a greater cause, individuals can find meaning in their actions.

5. Logotherapeutic Assignment: The therapist may assign specific tasks or exercises designed to help individuals clarify their values, identify sources of meaning, and make choices that align with their sense of purpose.

6. Drawing Out Meaning from Suffering: Logotherapy emphasizes the idea that individuals can find meaning in their suffering. The therapist helps clients reframe their experiences and view suffering as an opportunity for growth, resilience, and the discovery of personal meaning.

7. Existential Analysis: Therapists using Logotherapy conduct an existential analysis to help clients explore and understand the existential challenges and questions they face, such as those related to life's meaning, death, freedom, and responsibility.

8. Homework Assignments: Clients may be given assignments to reflect on their values, experiences, and actions outside of therapy sessions. These assignments can deepen the exploration of personal meaning.

9. Encouraging Responsibility: Logotherapy emphasizes the importance of personal responsibility and choice. Therapists encourage clients to take responsibility for their attitudes, responses, and decisions in all aspects of life.

10. Case Formulation: The therapist works with the client to create a meaningful narrative or life story that incorporates their values and experiences, helping them see their life in the context of a larger purpose.