Occupational Therapy

Occupational therapy (OT) is a healthcare profession that focuses on helping individuals of all ages improve their ability to engage in meaningful and purposeful activities, often referred to as "occupations." These occupations can encompass a wide range of activities, from daily living tasks like dressing and cooking to work-related duties and participation in leisure and social activities.

Occupational Therapy


The history of occupational therapy (OT) spans over a century, with its origins rooted in the moral treatment movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. This early approach recognized the therapeutic value of purposeful activities for individuals with mental illnesses. The influence of the arts and crafts movement in the late 19th century further shaped the development of occupational therapy, emphasizing creative and purposeful engagement. In 1917, the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy (now the American Occupational Therapy Association or AOTA) was founded, officially establishing OT as a profession.

World War I brought OT into the limelight as therapists worked with injured soldiers, providing rehabilitation and vocational training. The founding of the first occupational therapy school by Eleanor Clarke Slagle and the post-World War II expansion of the profession in the 1940s and 1950s further solidified its place in healthcare. In the 21st century, evidence-based practice and global growth have enhanced the profession's effectiveness, allowing occupational therapy to evolve from its early roots into a recognized and respected healthcare discipline with a profound impact on individuals' quality of life across the lifespan.

Focus theme / core-concept

The focus theme of occupational therapy is to enable individuals to engage in meaningful and purposeful activities, often referred to as "occupations." Occupational therapists (OTs) work with individuals of all ages and varying abilities to help them develop, restore, or maintain the skills and abilities needed to participate in activities that are important to them.


Improved Independence: OT helps individuals develop the skills they need to perform everyday activities, such as dressing, grooming, cooking, and cleaning, promoting greater independence.

Enhanced Quality of Life: By addressing physical, cognitive, emotional, and social challenges, occupational therapy can significantly improve an individual's overall quality of life.

Effective Rehabilitation: Occupational therapists play a crucial role in the rehabilitation of individuals recovering from injuries, surgeries, or illnesses, helping them regain their functional abilities.

Support for Mental Health: OT can aid in managing and improving mental health by addressing issues like depression, anxiety, and stress through meaningful and purposeful activities.

Pediatric Development: Occupational therapy supports the development of children's fine and gross motor skills, sensory processing, and school-related tasks, ensuring they reach their developmental milestones.


1. Enhance independence in daily living activities for individuals with disabilities.
2. Improve fine motor skills and hand function for increased dexterity and independence.
3. Develop coping strategies to manage stress and promote emotional well-being.
4. Foster social skills to enable more meaningful interactions and relationships.
5. Maximize workplace ergonomics for increased comfort and productivity.


Parent Training: Educating parents on strategies to support the developmental needs of their children.

Social Skills Training: Teaching individuals interpersonal and communication skills to improve social interactions.

Coping Strategies: Developing methods to manage stress, emotions, and challenging situations effectively.

Leisure and Recreation Activities: Promoting enjoyable and fulfilling recreational pursuits to enhance well-being.

ADL Training: Teaching activities of daily living, such as dressing, bathing, and feeding.

IADL Training: Instructing individuals in instrumental activities of daily living, like managing finances and grocery shopping.