Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalysis is like a deep dive into the hidden layers of your mind and emotions. Psychoanalytic therapy is a type of counseling where you talk with a therapist who helps you explore your past experiences and the thoughts you might not even realize you have. The goal is to uncover what's been buried deep inside your subconscious, like memories or feelings, and understand how they affect your behavior and choices today. It's like shining a light on the mysteries of your mind to help you feel better and make more sense of your life.

Psychoanalytic Therapy


Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the father of psychoanalysis, was an Austrian neurologist who worked with patients suffering from "hysteria" and neurosis. He noticed that the patients' physical illnesses and emotional conditions had no obvious physical reasoning. Freud proposed that the unconscious mind is somewhat responsible for many of his patients' difficulties. According to Freud, the unconscious mind is a repository of sensations and drives that we are unaware of, and having access to the unconscious may be critical to achieving a healing resolution of the mental health challenges faced by the patient.

Freud's explanations of dreams and the unconscious led to the development of an expanded understanding of the mind. His topographical paradigm proposed the conscious, unconscious, and preconscious mind. When these three components of the mind are in conflict, Freud reasoned that it threatens psychological functioning and mobilizes a slew of defense mechanisms to avert psychological breakdown. Freud's psychoanalytic theory also incorporated perspectives on human growth and personality. According to Freud's view, children must go through several phases of psychosexual development. At each stage, energies known as libido are focused on different regions of the body known as erogenous zones, which are categorized as oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital.

The clinical application of psychoanalytic theory to concerns of psychopathology, neurosis, psychosis, and dysfunctional patterns of living is referred to as psychoanalysis. It is a rigorous kind of psychological treatment in which patients are encouraged to express themselves as freely as possible about whatever comes to mind.

Focus theme / core-concept

Dr. Sigmund Freud, who was the first to recognize a link between unconscious mental processes and some unsettling physical and emotional symptoms, propounded that human behavior is influenced by conflictual ego states, unconscious urges, and biological and instinctual drives.


1. Psychoanalytic therapy helps individuals gain insight into their unconscious thoughts, feelings, and motivations. This deeper self-awareness can lead to a better understanding of why they behave and feel the way they do.

2. By exploring past experiences, traumas, and unresolved conflicts, psychoanalytic therapy aims to help individuals resolve these issues. This can lead to emotional healing and a reduction in symptoms related to these unresolved issues.

3. Psychoanalytic therapy encourages individuals to engage in self-exploration and self-reflection. This can lead to a greater understanding of one's personality, behavior, and relationships.

4. A deeper understanding of oneself often leads to improved relationships with others. By recognizing and addressing personal patterns and issues, individuals can communicate and relate to others more authentically and empathetically.

5. Psychoanalytic therapy can also help develop emotional resilience. Facing unconscious fears and gaining an understanding of defensive behaviors builds coping mechanisms for future challenges.


The overarching goal of psychoanalytic therapy is to help the patient gain insight and awareness into how their unconscious mind influences their thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and relationships. Through this new understanding, patients can make positive changes in their lives.


Free Association: In free association, the patient talks about whatever comes to their mind without trying to filter or hold back anything. They say the first thing that pops into their head, even if it seems unrelated or silly. The therapist listens carefully because the things the patient says can give clues about their deeper thoughts and feelings.