Psychodrama Therapy

Psychodrama is a group psychotherapeutic practice in which patients/individuals dramatize their mental health challenges in front of a group of other individuals and therapists. Psychodrama therapy is a distinct and dynamic type of psychotherapy that uses action and role-playing to investigate and address an individual's emotional and psychological issues. Psychodrama, which is based on the notion that humans have an inbuilt ability to modify their life stories, provides a secure and creative environment for participants to express, analyze, and transform their inner worlds.

Psychodrama Therapy


Psychodrama therapy, developed by psychiatrist Dr. Jacob Levy Moreno (1889-1974) in the 1920s, treats psychological issues through spontaneous drama and role-playing interactions. Moreno coined the term "psychodrama" which combines the Greek words "psyche" meaning soul or spirit, and "drama" meaning action. In psychodrama, clients act out scenarios from their lives on a "stage" with other group members to gain insight.

Psychodrama was developed as a way to explore the subconscious, encourage catharsis, and promote personal growth. It has since gained recognition in the field of psychology and has diversified into various forms, including sociodrama (addressing societal issues) and sociometry (studying interpersonal relationships).

Focus theme / core-concept

At its core, psychodrama is a method of role-playing that allows individuals to explore and reenact past experiences, current challenges, and future possibilities in a safe and supportive environment. By assuming different roles and playing out scenarios, individuals can gain insight into their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, and can develop new ways of coping with stressful situations. Some of the core concepts of psychodrama include the warming-up principle, Creativity, Spontaneity, Encounter, Role reversal, Role training, Doubling, Mirroring, Soliloquy, Sculpture, Resistance interpolation, Games, Social atom, Sociometry, Intermediate objects. The core concept of psychodrama revolves around the idea of the "as if" principle, which suggests that individuals can experiment with new roles and behaviors in a hypothetical context before integrating them into real life.


- Psychodrama Therapy allows people to process their intense emotions related to traumatic events or interpersonal relationships

- Psychodrama Therapy helps people to safely express strong feelings and facilitates them to have insights into personal challenges while encouraging introspection.

- Psychodrama Therapy provides opportunities to heal the past, clarify the present, and imagine the future.

- Psychodrama Therapy provides opportunities for personal growth and self-exploration.

- Psychodrama Therapy can lead to an increased sense of competence and self-efficacy.


The primary goals of psychodrama therapy include encouraging participants to explore their inner worlds, confront unresolved issues, and gain self-awareness. It facilitates the expression of emotions, especially those that have been repressed or buried deep within. Psychodrama therapy is also aimed at empowering individuals to make positive changes in their lives, based on insights gained through psychodrama.


Psychodramatic tools can be used alone or in combination to "assist the protagonist in the dramatization of the conflict that needs to be resolved." Basically, psychodrama therapy techniques include:

- Doubling: Doubling entails a group member acting out the main character's feelings and behaviors. The actor will state what they assume that the lead character is thinking or withholding. The activity establishes a link between the protagonist's internal reality and the external world's reality.

- Mirroring: Mirroring occurs when an individual examines others as they act out scenarios, events, and conversations for the individual to observe. This strategy can be helpful in gaining context or when someone needs some emotional space to better comprehend their emotions.

- Role-playing: Role-playing: In this technique, the person portrays something, usually a specific person or object, that is a trigger of stress or conflict in their life.

- Role reversal: It's when the main person acts like someone else in their life, and someone else acts as the main person. This helps to understand how the other person might feel.

- Soliloquy: The main person talks to the group about their thoughts and feelings. It's like sharing your inner thoughts and emotions with others to understand them better and feel better.