Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

An empirically supported form of psychotherapy called dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) blends mindfulness techniques with components of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT).
DBT is rooted in the concept of dialectics, which refers to the integration of seemingly contradictory ideas or perspectives. It recognizes that individuals often experience internal conflicts and struggle with emotional regulation, leading to impulsive behaviors, self-destructive tendencies, and difficulties in maintaining stable relationships.

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)


Late in the 1980s, mental health expert Marsha M. Linehan developed dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). DBT was initially created by Linehan as a therapy for those who have borderline personality disorder (BPD), a condition marked by emotional dysregulation, impulsive actions, self-harm, and relational issues.

Her own experiences, as well as her clinical observations and research, had an impact on Marsha Linehan's work on DBT. Young adult Linehan suffered from acute mental discomfort and was given a BPD diagnosis. Her hardship inspired her to develop effective strategies for helping people who were going through a similar situation.

DBT has undergone more study and development, which has resulted in the creation of numerous adaptations and adjustments. It continues to be one of the most well-known and scientifically supported therapies for people with complex emotional and behavioral issues today.

Focus theme / core-concept

Dialectic behavior therapy is based on several core concepts that form the cornerstone of the therapeutic approach.

-A Dialectical Approach.


-Control of Emotion.

-Depression Resistant.

-Effective Interpersonal Communication.

The Middle Way.


-A change in behavior.

-The Target Hierarchy.

-Therapist-Client Partnership.


There are several benefits of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), including:

1. Improved emotion regulation: DBT helps individuals develop skills to manage their emotions effectively, reducing impulsive and reactive behaviors. This can lead to greater emotional stability and a decrease in feelings of distress.

2. Enhanced interpersonal skills: DBT focuses on improving interpersonal effectiveness, and helping individuals develop healthier and more fulfilling relationships. It teaches skills such as effective communication, assertiveness, and setting boundaries, which can lead to better relationships with family, friends, and coworkers.

3. Reduced self-destructive behaviors: DBT targets self-destructive behaviors such as self-harm, substance abuse, and suicidal ideation. By teaching individuals alternative coping mechanisms and providing a supportive environment, DBT can help reduce these harmful behaviors.

4. Increased distress tolerance: DBT helps individuals build skills to tolerate distressing situations without resorting to unhealthy coping mechanisms. This can be particularly helpful for those struggling with intense emotions or experiencing difficulties in different areas of life.

5. Empowers individuals: DBT focuses on empowering individuals to take control of their lives and make positive changes. It provides tools and strategies to help individuals become more self-aware, develop greater self-compassion, and make mindful choices for their well-being.


The specific goals of DBT are highly adaptable and can be applied to a range of mental health conditions beyond borderline personality disorder, including mood disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, and more. Ultimately, DBT aims to empower individuals with the skills and strategies they need to lead healthier, more fulfilling lives.

Reducing Self-Destructive Behaviors: The goal of DBT is to assist people in cutting back on suicidal thoughts, actions, and other self-destructive behaviors.

Improving Emotional Regulation: DBT teaches people how to recognize and control strong emotions without acting impulsively or destructively.

Enhancing Interpersonal Effectiveness: Gain stronger relationship and communication skills to help them handle social situations and disagreements more skillfully.

Improving Mindfulness Skills: Place emphasis on mindfulness practice, which entails accepting thoughts and feelings for what they are, being in the present moment, and observing them without passing judgment.

Encouraging Self-Acceptance and Validation: Recognize the need for change and progress while simultaneously accepting oneself as one is.

Developing More Effective Problem-Solving Techniques: It aids people in creating efficient plans for confronting and overcoming obstacles in life.


Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) employs several techniques to help clients acquire new abilities and effectively manage their emotions and behaviors. Among the essential methods employed in DBT are:

1. Validation: DBT places a strong emphasis on the value of validation, which is accepting a person's feelings and experiences without passing judgment.

2. Skills Training: skills in four key areas—mindfulness, emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal effectiveness—DBT combines structured skills training sessions.

3. Chain Analysis: This method entails dissecting and evaluating harmful behaviors by looking at the sequence of circumstances that gave rise to the behavior. Individuals can gain an understanding of their patterns of behavior and create solutions by analyzing their triggers, thoughts, emotions, and behaviors.

4. Problem-Solving: By teaching people how to recognize problems, come up with potential solutions, weigh the benefits and drawbacks, and select the best option, DBT assists people in developing their problem-solving skills.

5. Contingency Management: Using rewards and penalties, contingency management entails encouraging good conduct and discouraging bad behavior.

6. Exposure Therapy: Exposure treatment is designed to help people address circumstances or triggers that cause them to feel anxious or distressed.

7. Homework Assignments: DBT patients frequently receive homework assignments to put the techniques they have learned in therapy to use outside of therapy. This may entail engaging in mindfulness exercises, employing emotion control techniques, or using interpersonal effectiveness approaches in practical settings.